Шаблон:Infobox economist

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Script error: The function "infobox" does not exist.[[Category:Infobox templates|Шаблон:Remove first word]]

To use this template, copy the text below to the top of the biography. All fields are optional; any left blank will not appear in the Infobox. The exception is {{{name}}}, which, if omitted, will be inherited from the title of the article.

{{Infobox economist
| name = 
| image = 
| image_size = 
| alt = 
| caption = 
| native_name = 
| native_name_lang = 
| birth_date =        <!-- {{birth date and age|YYYY|MM|DD}} -->
| birth_place = 
| death_date = 
| death_place = 
| resting_place = 
| resting_place_coordinates =  <!-- (use {{coord ...}}) -->
| nationality = 
| institution =       <!-- or: | institutions =  -->
| field = 
| school_tradition = 
| alma_mater = 
| influences = 
| influenced = 
| contributions = 
| awards = 
| memorials = 
| spouse =            <!-- or: | spouses =  -->
| signature =         <!-- filename only -->
| url = 
| module = 
| repec_prefix = 
| repec_id = 
| notes = 


Parameter Description
name (defaults to {{PAGENAME}})
alt (See WP:ALT).
native_name Name in local language. If more than one, separate using {{plainlist}}.
native_name_lang ISO 639-2 code e.g. "fr" for French. If more than one, use {{lang}} instead.
birth_date Use the template {{birth date and age}} if alive, otherwise {{birth date}}.
death_date Use the template {{death date and age}}.
resting_place Location of grave&nbsp;/&#32;ashes&nbsp;/&#32;etc.
resting_place_coordinates Precise coordinates of resting place&nbsp;/&#32;grave&nbsp;/&#32;etc. Use {{coord}}.
institution (or, if more than one, use institutions)
field (i.e. field within economics)
school_tradition Should be selected from the list of schools of economic thought.
memorials Memorials, plaques, entities named after the person, etc.
spouse (or, if more than one, use spouses)
signature Filename only of a picture of the person's signature.
url Official website; use {{URL}}.
module For гурӯҳи «Embeddable templates».
Generates a link to search for IDs at IDEAS/RePEc
  • Entries in influences, influenced, contributions and spouse/s should be explained in the main text of one of the articles. Those that are not mentioned in the main text may be deleted.


Script error: The function "infobox" does not exist.[[Category:Infobox templates|Шаблон:Remove first word]]

{{Infobox economist
| name = Milton Friedman
| image = Portrait of Milton Friedman.jpg
| birth_date = {{birth date|mf=yes|1912|7|31}}
| birth_place = [[Brooklyn]], [[New York]], USA
| death_date = {{nowrap|{{death date and age|mf=yes|2006|11|16|1912|7|31}}}}
| death_place = [[San Francisco]], [[California]], USA
| nationality = [[United States|American]]
| institution = {{plainlist|
* [[Hoover Institution]]  (1977–2006)
* [[Columbia University]]    (1964–65)
* [[University of Chicago]]  (1946–77)
* Columbia University  (1943–45) (1937–41)
* [[National Bureau of Economic Research]] (1937–40)
| school_tradition = [[Chicago school of economics|Chicago School]]
| alma_mater = {{plainlist|
* Columbia University   (PhD 1946)
* University of Chicago (MA 1933)
*[[Rutgers University]] (BA 1932)
| influences = {{hlist|[[Adam Smith|Smith]] |[[Irving Fisher|Fisher]] |[[Frank Knight|Knight]] |[[Simon Kuznets|Kuznets]] |[[Jacob Viner|Viner]] |[[Harold Hotelling|Hotelling]] |[[Arthur F. Burns|Burns]] |[[Friedrich Hayek|Hayek]] |[[Homer Jones (economist)|H. Jones]] |[[Henry Calvert Simons|H. C. Simons]] |[[George Stigler|Stigler]] |[[Henry Schultz|Schultz]] |[[Henry George|George]]}}
| influenced = {{hlist|[[Margaret Thatcher|Thatcher]] |[[Gary Becker|Becker]] |[[Augusto Pinochet|Pinochet]] |[[Alan Greenspan|Greenspan]] |[[Anna Schwartz|Schwartz]] |[[Ben Bernanke|Bernanke]] |[[J. Bradford DeLong|DeLong]] |[[Thomas Sowell|Sowell]] |[[Herbert Stein|Stein]] |[[Harry Markowitz|Markowitz]] |[[Phillip D. Cagan|Cagan]] |[[Hernando de Soto Polar|de Soto Polar]] |[[William F. Buckley, Jr.|Buckley]] |[[David D. Friedman|Friedman]] |[[Scott Sumner|Sumner]] |[[Ted Cruz|Cruz]] |[[Ronald Reagan|Reagan]] |[[Ron Paul]] |[[Rand Paul]]}}
{{hlist|[[Cato Institute]] |[[Chicago Boys]] |[[Fraser Institute]]}}
| contributions = {{plainlist|
* [[Microeconomics|Price theory]]{{int:dot-separator}}[[Monetarism]]
* [[Macroeconomics|Applied macroeconomics]]
* [[Floating exchange rate]]s
* [[Permanent income hypothesis]]
* [[Conscription in the United States#End of conscription|Volunteer military]]{{int:dot-separator}}[[Friedman test]]
| awards = {{plainlist|
* {{nowrap|1988 [[National Medal of Science]]}}
* {{longitem|1988 [[Presidential Medal of Freedom]]}}
* {{longitem|1976 [[Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences]]}}
* 1951 [[John Bates Clark Medal]]
| signature = Milton friedman signature.svg
| repec_prefix = e 
| repec_id = pfr10


The HTML markup produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the person's details parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia or via a browser tool operated by a reader, to (for example) add the subject to an address book or database. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.


Date-of-birth ("bday") information will only be included in the microformat if {{birth date}}, or {{birth date and age}} are used in the infobox. (Do not use these if the date is before 1583). Be cautious about using these if the person is still living, per WP:DOB.

To include a URL, use {{URL}}.

Please do not remove instances of these sub-templates.


hCard uses HTML classes including:

  • adr
  • agent
  • bday
  • birthplace
  • category
  • country-name
  • deathdate
  • deathplace
  • extended-address
  • family-name
  • fn (required)
  • given-name
  • honorific-prefix
  • honorific-suffix
  • label
  • locality
  • n
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • role
  • url
  • vcard

Please do not rename or remove these classes nor collapse nested elements which use them.

See also