Мавод аз Википедиа — донишномаи озод
Давлати Темуриён (форсӣ: تیموریان‎)
Имперотурӣ дар Осиёи Миёна
1370 — 1507

Bandera de Khiva abans 1917.svg
War flag of Khanate of Bukhara.svg
Safavid Flag.svg
Fictional flag of the Mughal Empire.svg
Flag of Kara Koyunlu dynasty.png
Flag of Ak Koyunlu.svg
راستى رستى
Rāstī rastī
"Ростӣ - рустӣ!"[1]
Timurid Dynasty 821 - 873 (AH).png
Давлати Темуриён

Самарқанд (1370-1405),

Ҳирот (1405-1507)
Дин Ислом (суннӣ)[3][4]
Воҳиди пул динор[d]
Майдон 4 600 000 км² (1405)
Шакли ҳукмронӣ подшоҳии мутлақ (аморат)
Сулола Темуриён
Амири бузург
 - 1370—1405 Темур (аввал)
 - 1506–1507 Бади аз-Замон Мирзо (охирин)
Пеш аз он:
Ба дунболи он:
Flag of Chagatai khanate.svg Улуси Чағатой
Blank.png Хоразм
Blank.png Музаффариды
Blank.png Джалаириды
Blank.png Картиды
Blank.png Сербедары
Flag of Kara Koyunlu dynasty.png Кара-Коюнлу
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg Золотая Орда
Хонигарии Хева Bandera de Khiva abans 1917.svg
Аморати Бухоро War flag of Khanate of Bukhara.svg
Сафавиён Safavid Flag.svg
Имперутурии Темуриёни Ҳинд Fictional flag of the Mughal Empire.svg
Қара-Коюнлу Flag of Kara Koyunlu dynasty.png
Ақ-Коюнлу Flag of Ak Koyunlu.svg

Сулолаи Темуриён (форсӣ: تیموریان‎) — авлоди амир Тимур, султонҳои сулола солҳои 1370 - 1858 дар Мовароуннаҳр (Осиёи Марказӣ), Эрон ва Ҳиндустон ҳукумрон буданд.

Эзоҳ[вироиш | вироиши манбаъ]

  1. Subtelny, Maria E. (2007). Timurids in Transition: Turko-Persian Politics and Acculturation in Medieval Iran. Leiden: Brill. p. 260. ISBN 978-9004160316. 
    • B.F. Manz, W.M. Thackston, D.J. Roxburgh, L. Golombek, L. Komaroff, R.E. Darley-Doran. "Timurids" Encyclopaedia of Islam Brill Publishers 2007;

      "During the Timurid period, three languages, Persian, Turkish, and Arabic were in use. The major language of the period was Persian, the native language of the Tajik (Persian) component of society and the language of learning acquired by all literate and/or urban Turks. Persian served as the language of administration, history, belles lettres, and poetry."

    • Bertold Spuler. CENTRAL ASIA v. In the Mongol and Timurid Periodse(англ.). Encyclopaedia Iranica. 14 сентябри 2017 санҷида шуд.

      ... Like his father, Olōğ Beg was entirely integrated into the Persian Islamic cultural circles, and during his reign Persian predominated as the language of high culture, a status that it retained in the region of Samarqand until the Russian revolution 1917... Ḥoseyn Bāyqarā encouraged the development of Persian literature and literary talent in every way possible...)

    • Robert Devereux (ed.) "Muhakamat Al-Lughatain (Judgment of Two Languages)" Mir 'Ali Shir Nawāi; Leiden, E.J. Brill 1966:

      ...Nawa'i also employs the curious argument that most Turks also spoke Persian but only a few Persians ever achieved fluency in Turkic. It is difficult to understand why he was impressed by this phenomenon, since the most obvious explanation is that Turks found it necessary, or at least advisable, to learn Persian – it was, after all, the official state language – while Persians saw no reason to bother learning Turkic which was, in their eyes, merely the uncivilized tongue of uncivilized nomadic tribesmen.)

    • David J. Roxburgh. The Persian Album, 1400-1600: From Dispersal to Collection. Yale University Press, 2005. pg 130:

      "Persian literature, especially poetry, occupied a central in the process of assimilation of Timurid elite to the Perso-Islamicate courtly culture, and so it is not surprising to find Baysanghur commissioned a new edition of Firdawsi's Shanama

  2. Maria Subtelny. Timurids in Transition: Turko-Persian Politics and Acculturation. — С. 201.
  3. Christine Caldwell Ames. Medieval Heresies: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. — С. 269.