Темуриён

Мавод аз Википедиа — донишномаи озод
Ҷаҳиш ба: новбари, Ҷустуҷӯи
Давлати Темуриён (порсӣ: تیموریان)
Империя дар Осиёи Миёна
1370 — 1507


Bandera de Khiva abans 1917.svg
 
War flag of Khanate of Bukhara.svg
 
Safavid Flag.svg
 
Fictional flag of the Mughal Empire.svg
 
Flag of Kara Koyunlu dynasty.png
 
Flag of Ak Koyunlu.svg
Timurid.svg
Дирафш
Шиор
راستى رستى
Rāstī rastī
"Ростӣ - растӣ!"[1]
Timurid Dynasty 821 - 873 (AH).png
Давлати Темурланг
Пойтахт

Самарқанд (1370-1405),

Ҳирот (1405-1507)
Забон(ҳо)
Дин Ислом (суннӣ)[3][4]
Майдон 4 600 000 км² (1405)
Шакли ҳукмронӣ подшоҳии мутлақ (аморат)
Сулола Темуриён
Амири бузург
 - 1370—1405 Тамерлан (аввал)
 - 1506–1507 Бади аз-Заман Мирза (охирин)
Пеш аз он:
Ба дунболи он:
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg Чагатайский улус
Blank.png Хорезм
Blank.png Музаффариды
Blank.png Джалаириды
Blank.png Картиды
Blank.png Сербедары
Flag of Kara Koyunlu dynasty.png Кара-Коюнлу
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg Золотая Орда
Хонигарии Хева Bandera de Khiva abans 1917.svg
Бухарское ханство War flag of Khanate of Bukhara.svg
Сефевиды Safavid Flag.svg
Империя Великих Моголов Fictional flag of the Mughal Empire.svg
Кара-Коюнлу Flag of Kara Koyunlu dynasty.png
Ак-Коюнлу Flag of Ak Koyunlu.svg

Сулолаи Тимуриён (порсӣ: تیموریان) — авлоди амир Тимур, султонҳои сулола солҳои 1370 - 1858 дар Мовароуннаҳр (Осиёи Марказӣ),Эрон ва Ҳиндустон ҳукумрон буданд.

Эзоҳ[вироиш]

  1. Subtelny, Maria E. (2007). Timurids in Transition: Turko-Persian Politics and Acculturation in Medieval Iran. Leiden: Brill. p. 260. ISBN 978-9004160316. 
    • B.F. Manz, W.M. Thackston, D.J. Roxburgh, L. Golombek, L. Komaroff, R.E. Darley-Doran. "Timurids" Encyclopaedia of Islam Brill Publishers 2007;

      "During the Timurid period, three languages, Persian, Turkish, and Arabic were in use. The major language of the period was Persian, the native language of the Tajik (Persian) component of society and the language of learning acquired by all literate and/or urban Turks. Persian served as the language of administration, history, belles lettres, and poetry."

    • Bertold Spuler. CENTRAL ASIA v. In the Mongol and Timurid Periodse(англ.). Encyclopaedia Iranica. Санҷидашуда 14 сентябри 2017.

      ... Like his father, Olōğ Beg was entirely integrated into the Persian Islamic cultural circles, and during his reign Persian predominated as the language of high culture, a status that it retained in the region of Samarqand until the Russian revolution 1917... Ḥoseyn Bāyqarā encouraged the development of Persian literature and literary talent in every way possible...)

    • Robert Devereux (ed.) "Muhakamat Al-Lughatain (Judgment of Two Languages)" Mir 'Ali Shir Nawāi; Leiden, E.J. Brill 1966:

      ...Nawa'i also employs the curious argument that most Turks also spoke Persian but only a few Persians ever achieved fluency in Turkic. It is difficult to understand why he was impressed by this phenomenon, since the most obvious explanation is that Turks found it necessary, or at least advisable, to learn Persian – it was, after all, the official state language – while Persians saw no reason to bother learning Turkic which was, in their eyes, merely the uncivilized tongue of uncivilized nomadic tribesmen.)

    • David J. Roxburgh. The Persian Album, 1400-1600: From Dispersal to Collection. Yale University Press, 2005. pg 130:

      "Persian literature, especially poetry, occupied a central in the process of assimilation of Timurid elite to the Perso-Islamicate courtly culture, and so it is not surprising to find Baysanghur commissioned a new edition of Firdawsi's Shanama

  2. Maria Subtelny. Timurids in Transition: Turko-Persian Politics and Acculturation. — С. 201.
  3. Christine Caldwell Ames. Medieval Heresies: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. — С. 269.