Шаблон:Варақаи унсури кимиёӣ/symbol-to-oxidation-state

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  • Hg: {{Варақаи унсури кимиёӣ/symbol-to-oxidation-state|symbol=Hg}} → −2 , +1 (mercurous), +2 (mercuric) (a mildly basic oxide)
  • Hs: {{Варақаи унсури кимиёӣ/symbol-to-oxidation-state|symbol=Hs}} → (+2), (+3), (+4), (+6), +8[1][2][3] (parenthesized: prediction)

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Oxidation states data sets (WP:ELEMENTS talk)
Z Name Symbol complete main group val note
 
1 ҳидроген H −1, +1 (an amphoteric oxide) −1, +1 1 I
2 ҳелий He 0 0 18 0
3 литий Li +1 (a strongly basic oxide) +1 1 I
4 бериллий Be +1,[4] +2 (an amphoteric oxide) +2 2 II
5 бор B −5, −1, +1, +2, +3[5][6] (a mildly acidic oxide) +3 13 III
6 карбон C −4, −3, −2, −1, 0, +1,[7] +2, +3,[8] +4[9] (a mildly acidic oxide) −4, +4 14 IV
7 натрий N −3, −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5 (a strongly acidic oxide) −3, +3, +5 15 V
8 оксиген O −2, −1, 0, +1, +2 −2 16 VI
9 фтор F −1 (oxidizes oxygen) −1 17 VII
10 неон Ne 0 0 18 0
11 натрий Na −1, +1 (a strongly basic oxide) +1 1 I
12 магний Mg +1,[10] +2 (a strongly basic oxide) +2 2 II
13 алюминий Al −2, −1, +1,[11] +2,[12] +3 (an amphoteric oxide) +3 13 III
14 силитсий Si −4, −3, −2, −1, +1,[13] +2, +3, +4 (an amphoteric oxide) −4, +4 14 IV
15 фосфор P −3, −2, −1, +1,[14] +2, +3, +4, +5 (a mildly acidic oxide) −3, +3, +5 15 V
16 сулфур S −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (a strongly acidic oxide) −2, +2, +4, +6 16 VI
17 хлор Cl −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7 (a strongly acidic oxide) −1, +1, +3, +5, +7 17 VII
18 аргон Ar 0 0 18 0
19 калий K −1, +1 (a strongly basic oxide) +1 1 I
20 калсий Ca +1,[15] +2 (a strongly basic oxide) +2 2 II
21 скандий Sc +1,[16] +2,[17] +3 (an amphoteric oxide) +3 3 III
22 титан Ti −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4[18] (an amphoteric oxide) +4 4 IV
23 ванадий V −3, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5 (an amphoteric oxide) +5 5 V
24 хром Cr −4, −2, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (depending on the oxidation state, an acidic, basic, or amphoteric oxide) +2, +3, +6 6 VI
25 манган Mn −3, −2, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7 (depending on the oxidation state, an acidic, basic, or amphoteric oxide) +2, +4, +7 7 VII
26 оҳан Fe −4, −2, −1, 0, +1,[19] +2, +3, +4, +5,[20] +6, +7[21] (an amphoteric oxide) +2, +3, +6 8 VIII
27 кобалт Co −3, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5[22] (an amphoteric oxide) +2, +3 9 VIII
28 никел Ni −2, −1, 0, +1,[23] +2, +3, +4[24] (a mildly basic oxide) +2 10 VIII
29 мис Cu −2, +1, +2, +3, +4 (a mildly basic oxide) +2 11 I
30 руҳ Zn −2, 0, +1, +2 (an amphoteric oxide) +2 12 II
31 галлий Ga −5, −4, −3,[25] −2, −1, +1, +2, +3[26] (an amphoteric oxide) +3 13 III
32 германий Ge −4 −3, −2, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4 (an amphoteric oxide) −4, +2, +4 14 IV
33 арсен As −3, −2, −1, +1,[27] +2, +3, +4, +5 (a mildly acidic oxide) −3, +3, +5 15 V
34 селен Se −2, −1, +1,[28] +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (a strongly acidic oxide) −2, +2, +4, +6 16 VI
35 бром Br −1, +1, +3, +4, +5, +7 (a strongly acidic oxide) −1, +1, +3, +5 17 VII
36 криптон Kr 0, +1, +2 (rarely more than 0; oxide is unknown) 0 18 0
37 рубидий Rb −1, +1 (a strongly basic oxide) +1 1 I
38 стронсий Sr +1,[29] +2 (a strongly basic oxide) +2 2 II
39 иттрий Y 0,[30] +1, +2, +3 (a weakly basic oxide) +3 3 III
40 сирконий Zr −2, +1,[31] +2, +3, +4 (an amphoteric oxide) +4 4 IV
41 ниобий Nb −3, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5 (a mildly acidic oxide) +5 5 V
42 молибден Mo −4, −2, −1, 0, +1,[32] +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (a strongly acidic oxide) +4, +6 6 VI
43 технетсий Tc −3, −1, 0, +1,[33] +2, +3,[33] +4, +5, +6, +7 (a strongly acidic oxide) +4, +7 7 VII
44 рутений Ru −4, −2, 0, +1,[34] +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7, +8 (a mildly acidic oxide) +3, +4 8 VIII
45 родий Rh −3, −1, 0, +1,[35] +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (an amphoteric oxide) +3 9 VIII
46 палладий Pd 0, +1, +2, +3, +4 (a mildly basic oxide) +2, +4 10 VIII
47 нуқра Ag −2, −1, +1, +2, +3 (an amphoteric oxide) +1 11 I
48 кадмий Cd −2, +1, +2 (a mildly basic oxide) +2 12 II
49 индий In −5, −2, −1, +1, +2, +3[36] (an amphoteric oxide) +3 13 III
50 қалъагӣ Sn −4, −3, −2, −1, +1,[37] +2, +3,[38] +4 (an amphoteric oxide) −4, +2, +4 14 IV
51 сурма Sb −3, −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5 (an amphoteric oxide) −3, +3, +5 15 V
52 теллур Te −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (a mildly acidic oxide) −2, +2, +4, +6 16 VI
53 йод I −1, +1, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7 (a strongly acidic oxide) −1, +1, +3, +5, +7 17 VII
54 ксенон Xe 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8 (rarely more than 0; a weakly acidic oxide) 0 18 0
55 сезий Cs −1, +1[39] (a strongly basic oxide) +1 1 I
56 барий Ba +1, +2 (a strongly basic oxide) +2 2 II
57 лантан La 0,[30] +1, +2, +3 (a strongly basic oxide) +3 3 III
58 серий Ce +1, +2, +3, +4 (a mildly basic oxide) +3, +4 n/a -
59 празеодим Pr 0,[30] +1,[40] +2, +3, +4, +5 (a mildly basic oxide) +3 n/a -
60 неодим Nd 0,[30] +2, +3, +4 (a mildly basic oxide) +3 n/a -
61 прометий Pm +2, +3 (a mildly basic oxide) +3 n/a -
62 самарий Sm 0,[30] +1, +2, +3 (a mildly basic oxide) +3 n/a -
63 европий Eu +1, +2, +3 (a mildly basic oxide) +2, +3 n/a -
64 гадолиний Gd 0,[30] +1, +2, +3 (a mildly basic oxide) +3 n/a -
65 тербий Tb 0,[30] +1, +2, +3, +4 (a weakly basic oxide) +3 n/a -
66 диспрозий Dy 0,[30] +1, +2, +3, +4 (a weakly basic oxide) +3 n/a -
67 ҳолмий Ho 0,[30] +1, +2, +3 (a basic oxide) +3 n/a -
68 эрбий Er 0,[30] +1, +2, +3 (a basic oxide) +3 n/a -
69 тулий Tm +2, +3 (a basic oxide) +3 n/a -
70 иттербий Yb +1, +2, +3 (a basic oxide) +3 n/a -
71 лютесий Lu 0,[30] +1, +2, +3 (a weakly basic oxide) +3 n/a -
72 ҳафний Hf −2, +1, +2, +3, +4 (an amphoteric oxide) +4 4 IV
73 тантал Ta −3, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5 (a mildly acidic oxide) +5 5 V
74 волфрам W −4, −2, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (a mildly acidic oxide) +4, +6 6 VI
75 рений Re −3, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7 (a mildly acidic oxide) +4 7 VII
76 осмий Os −4, −2, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7, +8 (a mildly acidic oxide) +4 8 VIII
77 иридий Ir −3, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7, +8, +9[41] +3, +4 9 VIII
78 платина Pt −3, −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 (a mildly basic oxide) +2, +4 10 VIII
79 тилло Au −3, −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +5 (an amphoteric oxide) +1, +3 11 I
80 симоб Hg −2 , +1 (mercurous), +2 (mercuric) (a mildly basic oxide) +2 12 II
81 таллий Tl −5,[42] −2, −1, +1, +2, +3 (a mildly basic oxide) +1, +3 13 III
82 сурб Pb −4, −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4 (an amphoteric oxide) +2, +4 14 IV
83 висмут Bi −3, −2, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5 (a mildly acidic oxide) +3 15 V
84 полоний Po −2, +2, +4, +5,[43] +6 (an amphoteric oxide) −2, +2, +4 16 VI
85 астат At −1, +1, +3, +5, +7[44] −1, +1 17 VII
86 радон Rn 0, +2, +6 0 18 0
87 франcий Fr +1 (a strongly basic oxide) +1 1 I
88 радий Ra +2 (expected to have a strongly basic oxide) +2 2 II
89 актиний Ac +2, +3 (a strongly basic oxide) +3 3 III
90 торий Th +1, +2, +3, +4 (a weakly basic oxide) +4 n/a -
91 протактиний Pa +2, +3, +4, +5 (a weakly basic oxide) +5 n/a -
92 уран U +1, +2, +3,[45] +4, +5, +6 (a weakly basic oxide) +6 n/a -
93 нептуний Np +2, +3, +4,[46] +5, +6, +7 (an amphoteric oxide) +5 n/a -
94 плутоний Pu +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7 (an amphoteric oxide) +4 n/a -
95 америcий Am +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7 (an amphoteric oxide) +3 n/a -
96 кюрий Cm +2, +3, +4, +5,[47] +6[48] (an amphoteric oxide) +3 n/a -
97 берклий Bk +2, +3, +4, +5[47] +3 n/a -
98 калифорний Cf +2, +3, +4, +5[49][47] +3 n/a -
99 эйнштейний Es +2, +3, +4 +3 n/a -
100 фермий Fm +2, +3 +3 n/a -
101 менделевий Md +2, +3 +3 n/a -
102 нобелий No +2, +3 +2 n/a -
103 лоуренсий Lr +3 +3 n/a -
104 резерфордий Rf (+2), (+3), +4[50][51][2] (parenthesized: prediction) (+3), +4 (parenthesized: prediction) 4 IV
105 дубний Db (+3), (+4), +5[51][2] (parenthesized: prediction) +5 5 V
106 сиборгий Sg 0, (+3), (+4), (+5), +6[51][2] (parenthesized: prediction) (+4), +6 (parenthesized: prediction) 6 VI
107 борий Bh (+3), (+4), (+5), +7[51][2] (parenthesized: prediction) (+3), (+4), (+5), +7 (parenthesized: prediction) 7 VII
108 ҳассий Hs (+2), (+3), (+4), (+6), +8[1][2][3] (parenthesized: prediction) (+3), (+4) (parenthesized: prediction) 8 VIII
109 мейтнерий Mt (+1), (+3), (+4), (+6), (+8), (+9) (predicted)[51][52][53][2] (+1), (+3), (+6) (predicted) 9 VIII
110 дармштадтий Ds (0), (+2), (+4), (+6), (+8) (predicted)[51][2] (0), (+2), (+8) (predicted) 10 VIII
111 рентгений Rg (−1), (+1), (+3), (+5), (+7) (predicted)[51][2][54] (+3) (predicted) 11 I
112 коперниcий Cn 0, (+1), +2, (+4) (parenthesized: prediction)[51][55][2] 0, +2 12 II
113 ниҳоний Nh (−1), (+1), (+3), (+5) (predicted)[51][2][56] (+1), (+3) (predicted) 13 III
114 флеровий Fl (0), (+1), (+2), (+4), (+6) (predicted)[51][2][57] (+2) (predicted) 14 IV
115 московиум Mc (+1), (+3) (predicted)[51][2] (+1), (+3) (predicted) 15 V
116 ливерморий Lv (−2),[58] (+2), (+4) (predicted)[51] (+2) (predicted) 16 VI
117 теннесин Ts (−1), (+1), (+3), (+5) (predicted)[2][51] (+1), (+3) (predicted) 17 VII
118 оганессон Og (−1),[51] (0), (+1),[59] (+2),[60] (+4),[60] (+6)[51] (predicted) (+2), (+4) (predicted) 18 0
119 унуненний Uue (+1), (+3) (predicted)[51] (+1) (predicted) 1 I
120 унбинилий Ubn (+1),[61] (+2), (+4) (predicted)[51] (+2) (predicted) 2 II
121 унбиуний Ubu (+1), (+3) (predicted)[51][62] (+3) (predicted) 3 III
122 унбибий Ubb (+4) (predicted)[63] (+4) (predicted) -
123 унбитрий Ubt (+5) (predicted)[63] (+5) (predicted)
124 унбиквадий Ubq (+6) (predicted)[63] (+6) (predicted)
125 унбипентий Ubp (+1), (+6), (+7) (predicted)[63] (+6), (+7) (predicted)
126 унбигексий Ubh (+1), (+2), (+4), (+6), (+8) (predicted)[63] (+4), (+6), (+8) (predicted)

References[вироиш]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Haire, 2006, p. 1691.
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Oxidation states comment options (WP:ELEMENTS (talk))
|comment= options (as of November 2018):
comment=acidic (an acidic oxide)
comment=mildly acidic (a mildly acidic oxide)
comment=strongly acidic (a strongly acidic oxide)
comment=amphoteric (an amphoteric oxide)
comment=basic (a basic oxide)
comment=weakly basic (a weakly basic oxide)
comment=mildly basic (a mildly basic oxide)
comment=strongly basic (a strongly basic oxide)
comment=strongly basic expected (expected to have a strongly basic oxide) -- Ra
comment=oxidizes oxygen (oxidizes oxygen) -- F
comment=depending (depending on the oxidation state, an acidic, basic, or amphoteric oxide) -- Cr, Mn
comment=rarely non-0, weakly acidic (rarely more than 0; a weakly acidic oxide) -- Xe
comment=rarely non-0, unk oxide (rarely more than 0; oxide is unknown) -- Kr
 
comment=parenthesized (parenthesized: prediction)
comment=predicted (predicted)
comment=<any text> <any text>, including blank
 
WP:ENGVAR (set |engvar= in article page)
By default, element articles (and so infoboxes) are in en-US.
In article space, one can call an infobox with |engvar=en-GB, en-OED, which changes these spellings
comment=parenthesized
|engvar= (parenthesized: prediction)
|engvar=en-US (default) (parenthesized: prediction)
|engvar=en-GB (brackets: prediction)
|engvar=en-OED (brackets: prediction)
|engvar=en-FOO (parenthesized: prediction)


See also[вироиш]

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